Fundamental Indexation - FAJ
Robert D. Arnott, Jason Hsu, and Philip Moore
A trillion-dollar industry is based on investing in or benchmarking to capitalization-weighted indexes, even though the finance literature rejects the mean€“variance efficiency of such indexes. This study investigates whether stock market indexes based on an array of cap-indifferent measures of company size are more mean€“variance efficient than those based on market cap. These Fundamental indexes were found to deliver consistent, significant benefits relative to standard cap-weighted indexes. The true importance of the difference may have been best noted by Benjamin Graham: In the short run, the market is a voting machine, but in the long run, it is a weighing machine.